Canna relies on the cannaserver to process the kana into kanji.
After installing Debian-jp 1.2 I had to add the following .emacs and .canna files to my home directory to be able to input in emacs/mule. If you can't read the Japanese comments, just ignore them. You just need the English lisp code. I'll change these into screen captures soon. C-o starts the canna input method in emacs. The space bar converts the hiragana in the fences into kanji.
(if (and (boundp 'CANNA) CANNA) (progn (load-library "canna") (canna) ))
(global-unbind-key-function 'japanese-mode) (global-set-key "\C-e" 'japanese-mode) (global-unbind-key-function 'japanese-mode) (global-set-key "\Nfer" 'japanese-mode) (setq romkana-table "default.cbp") (use-dictionary "iroha" "fuzokugo" "hojomwd" "hojoswd" "keishiki" :bushu "bushu" :user "user" ) (set-key 'ichiran-mode "\C-o" '(quit extend)) (set-key 'ichiran-mode "\C-i" '(quit shrink)) (defsymbol ?[ "「" "『" "[" "［" "〔" ?] "」" "』" "]" "］" "〕" ) (defsymbol ?. "。" "." "．" ?, "、" "," "，" )
Thanks to Manuel Chakravarty for contributing this.
Manuel M. T. Chakravarty email@example.com University of Tsukuba, Japan http://www.score.is.tsukuba.ac.jp/~chak/ ------------------------------------------------- I assume a standard Linux file system (I use Slackware) and that `kterm' is installed (you can get it from the file `packages/xclt/kterm.tgz' in `JE-0.9.8a'). The following installation steps have to be done by *root*: (1) Get the contents of the directory `packages/canna/' from `JE-0.9.8a' and copy them to `/' (root). (2) Install the package as follows (they contain both Canna and `kinput2'): cd / tar xzf cancbin.tgz sh install/doinst.sh -install tar xzf candic.tgz sh install/doinst.sh -install tar xzf cansbin.tgz tar xzf ki2can.tgz tar xzf canclt.tgz tar xzf canman.tgz # optional (Japanese man pages) tar xzf canprog.tgz # optional (for programming) tar xzf cjvim.tgz # optional (canna version...) sh install/doinst.sh -install # optional (...of vi) (Remark: If you already have `kinput2' installed - and omit some of the above steps - on your system, be sure you have a `kinput2' that has support for Canna compiled in. Try to start it with the `-canna' option, and see if it complains.) (3) To launch canna at boot time, I added the following to my `rc.local' file: if [ -f /usr/local/canna/bin/cannaserver ]; then rm -f /var/lock/canna/.CANNALOCK /usr/local/canna/bin/cannaserver fi So much for the actual installation. Some further user-local configuration is needed to make everything work. An alternative would be to modify the corresponding sytem-wide resources, like a global initialization script that is run when X windows is started. I didn't do that, but I don't see a reason why it shoudn't work. But now the user local configuration steps: (4) Add the following line to your X resources, usually the file `.Xdefaults': *inputMethod: kinput2 The man page of `kinput2' advices to add a line like export XMODIFIERS="@im=kinput2" # bash setenv XMODIFIERS "@im=kinput2" # (t)csh to your shell resource file, because some programs ignore the X resource. It is definitely not necessary for `kterm', but it can't hurt and may help with some other software... (5) To launch `kinput2' when your X windows session is started, put the following into your `.xinitrc' file: /usr/X11/bin/kinput2 -canna& If you run the canna server on a different machine than you run your X session, you can tell `kinput2' with the option `-cannaserver' followed by the name of the machine that hosts the server. (6) `Kterm's default key for switching between ASCII and Kana/kanji input is Ctrl-Kanji. If you don't have a key bound to the key symbol `Kanji', you can easily fix this by adding a line xmodmap -e 'keycode <some-keycode> = Kanji' to your `.xinitrc'. You have to substitute <some-keycode> with the keycode of the key that you want to use; you can inquire these codes with the program `xev', which should be part of your X distribution. (I think, I read somewhere that Shift-Space also works - it *doesn't* work on my machine.) Test it by starting a `kterm' (after rebooting your machine, of course; Canna adds a new TCP service) and pressing CTRL-<whichever-key-you-bound-to-Kanji> A small window with a hiragana `a' should appear, and disappear if you press the same key combination again. Finally, you can check the status of the canna server by executing /usr/local/canna/bin/cannastat After `kinput2' is started, the above command should list it as a client of Canna.